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  HISTORY OF THE GROUND ART

     The bird depicted in the Ground Art is a Corn Crake.

The bird used to nest in the fields around Hindley Station many years ago and it is said that the station staff had a competition every year to be the first one to spot the Corn Crake as it came in to breed. It is also featured above the Leyland family crest at the Grange in Hindley where the Leyland family used to reside.

The Corn crake or Landrail (Crex crex) is a bird in the rail family. It breeds across Europe and Asia to western China, migrating to Africa in winter. It is a medium-sized crake with buff- or grey-streaked brown-black upperparts, chestnut on the wings and blue-grey underparts with chestnut and white barring on the flanks and undertail. The strong bill is flesh-coloured, the iris is pale brown, and the legs and feet are pale grey. The male's call is a loud krek krek, from which the species derives its scientific name. Its breeding habitat is grassland, particularly hayfields, and it uses similar grassland in the wintering grounds in Africa. Mainly it can only be found now in Scotland and some parts of Ireland.